Detect / edit margins


WarningThis page documents exocad's software releases from 2022 on. See documentation for older versions


Margin Line Detection

Margin line detection R 1.png

The first step in the construction is the preparation margin detection. In most cases, the Wizard will prompt you to define the margin line for a specific tooth [1]. Dcad 02.jpg

As you move the mouse over the scan data, a bubble will appear, showing you a sectional 2D view of the area below the mouse pointer. This helps you find the correct position for the initial seed point for the automatic margin line detection. For crowns and related restorations, a single click will typically suffice – the automatic margin line detection will start after the first click. For inlays, four points must be set for the detection to start.


Adjusting the Light Source to Help you See the Margin

You can rotate the object so that you look at it from the insertion axis, and then click Adjust Light to the view direction [4] to adjust the virtual light source so that it comes from this view point. If you look at the margin from the side afterwards, the shadows will help you see the margin.

Dealing with Misdetected Margin Lines

Dcad 03.jpg

In some cases, especially when working with non-optimal preparations, the margin line may not be detected correctly. You can help the algorithms by clicking one or more additional points on the margin line. To do that, just click to add points on the margin. E.g. in the graphic on the right, the user sets an additional point (the purple dot) after the initial misdetection. After each point is set, the automatic detection will now take advantage of your additional points.

TipTypically, adding a single point will be enough; in difficult cases, 2-4 points may be required. Setting large amounts of points is unnecessary.

If you have erroneously clicked a point that is not actually on the margin, click it, hold the left mouse button, and right-click to remove it.

For intraoral scans, the Subgingival button [5] is available. If you activate this button, the magnetic line will follow a concave (curved inwards) curve instead of a convex (curved outwards) curve. This can be helpful if you draw the margin line for a preparation that begins below the gingiva.

If the option Supragingival [6] is selected, the detection will follow a convex (curved outwards) feature line on the scan data.

Clearing and Starting Over

If you have clicked the wrong tooth or outside the margin, click Clear [7] to clear all defined points and start again.

Correct/Draw

Margin line detection R 2 .png

You can edit or manually draw the margin line by clicking the Correct/Draw [3] button in the margin detection dialog. These are the control points that help you edit the margin.

Different modes for editing the margin line are now available:

  • Free [8]: Set points along the margin line by clicking the scan. To complete the margin line, double-click the last point or click "Accept drawing changes". It will be automatically connected to the first point. The line appears green and the active button automatically switches to Edit.
  • Magnetic line drawing [9]: The line segment you draw adapts to the maximum curvature (sharpest angle) of the scan. Hold CTRL to temporarily deactivate this mode for a segment. The active status will be kept when drawing the next margin line, if you have multiple stump-based restorations.
  • Edit [10]: Drag and drop individual control points.
    • Add new points by clicking the green line.
    • Remove points by clicking them with both mouse buttons (first hold the left mouse button on a point, and while holding it, click the right mouse button – the point will disappear).
  • Up/Down [11]: Click the arrows to control in which direction the margin line will move, up or down.


If you are working with sectioned models, you can check Auto-hide adjacents [12] to enable or disable the adjacent die.

No matter how you're editing the margin line – you can always go back one or more steps by using the Undo/Redo [13] feature. When done with the margin line editing, click 'Next' to continue to the next step.

Hotkeys

Hotkey Use the following hotkeys to speed up your workflow detecting the margin line:
  • 1:Detect
  • 2:Correct/Draw - Edit
  • 3:Correct/Draw - Magnetic
  • 4:Correct/Draw -Free
  • +/- :Move up and down
  • CTRL+X:Clear
Additionally use the <PageUp> and <PageDown> keys to rotate for inspecting the margin line from all sides.

Imported Margins

By default, the option Auto accept imported margins in Settings is set to Ask which opens the margin line detection step and allows to correct it or proceed to the next. If you have 3 or more margins to be defined/imported, the following message appears allowing automatically the importation of all the margins at once.

Margin line detection 10.png


You also have the option to change the default behavior under "Settings" in the dropdown menu Auto accept imported margins [1]:

  • Never - It will not auto accept the imported margins, and opens the Margin Line Detection step.
  • Always - It will automatically import the margins, without the option to correct, jumping directly to the Crown Bottom step.

Margin line detection 11.png