Correct Tooth Placement

WarningThis page documents exocad's software releases from 2020 on. See documentation for older versions


Video Tutorials



The "Chain Mode" FeatureWhatch it here: The "Chain Mode" Feature

Tooth Placement

In this step, you can position model teeth precisely.

Galway Tooth Placement Simple.pngSimple tab Galway Tooth Placement Advanced1.png Advanced tab Galway Tooth Placement Chain.png Chain tab

In the Tooth Placement window, three tabs are available: Simple, Advanced, and Chain Mode. They represent three modes for performing tooth placement. The Chain Mode tab is only activated if you position multiple teeth.

Simple Mode

ToothPlacement Simple.png

Moving Tooth Models

1. Activate Move.

2.Click the model tooth you want to move.

3. Drag the tooth to the desired position.

To restrict movement to certain directions, activate a corresponding radio button.

Tip SHORTCUTS

  • Hold CTRL: Rotate a tooth

  • Hold SHIFT: Scale a tooth

  • Hold CTRL + SHIFT: Perform direction-based scaling


  • ToothPlacement rotate .png

    Rotating Tooth Models

    1. Activate Rotate or use the shortcut in Move mode.

    2.Click the model tooth you want to rotate.

    3. Hold the mouse button and drag. Rotation center is the model tooth’s center.

    To restrict rotation to certain directions, activate a corresponding radio button.

    ToothPlacement scale .png

    Scaling Tooth Models

    1. Activate Scale or use the shortcut in Move mode.

    2. Click the model tooth you want to scale.

    3. Hold the mouse button and drag the mouse to scale the tooth. A green arrow indicates the scaling direction. To perform direction-based scaling, hold CTRL and SHIFT.

    To restrict scaling to certain directions, activate a corresponding radio button.

    ToothPlacement Simple Move all.png

    If you want to move all the teeth, check the box "Move all simultaneously".


    Advanced Mode

    In the Advanced tab, you can perform instant anatomic morphing on the model teeth. Hold SHIFT to scale different tooth parts. Hold CTRL to rotate different parts. Hold CTRL + SHIFT to translate different parts.

    Galway Tooth Placement Advanced.png
    • Tooth axis selection scaling [1] allows intuitive direction based scaling. Whilst holding down SHIFT, left-click to point and move towards the axis of a tooth that you want to scale. With CTRL + SHIFT you can scale two axes of the tooth simultaneously.
    • Free axis selection scaling [2] adds a visualization boundary which makes it easier to see the direction of the scaling. Hold SHIFT to scale in one direction. Hold CTRL + SHIFT to scale in two directions.
    • The instant morphing free-form tool [3] allows you to make basic shape changes during the tooth setup stage (e.g. moving a cusp).
    • Instant anatomic morphing cutting with antagonist [4]: If you click and move/scale a tooth, the intersections with the antagonist will be cut.
    • Instant anatomic morphing deformation with antagonist [5]: If you click and move/scale a tooth, DentalCAD will automatically adapt the tooth shape to the antagonist and create adequate contact areas.
    • You can maintain the minimum thickness by selecting the corresponding button [6]. When moving a tooth, it will be modified in a way that minimum thickness is applied in real time. Maintaining the minimum thickness works in combination with different morphing tools
    • Using the slider(s) [7], you can apply natural tooth abrasion. Flatten the cusps or create a deeper shape for the posteriors as well as reshaping the anterior.

    Chain Mode

    The chain mode is a useful function to arrange model teeth in multi-tooth bridges. It is not available if you have copied teeth as direct copies in the tooth anatomy generation step or if reduced pontics are present in your project.

    Galway chainmode .png

    The tube [1] indicates the tooth chain. Placement discs [2] mark the ends of the tooth chain. By clicking the control points [3], which are present for every model tooth and the placement discs, you can pin positions of teeth and placement discs. When pinned, the control point appears in red and the tooth / placement disc will not be affected by movement/rotation/scaling actions. Clicking a red control point will unpin the tooth / placement disc again.

    .ToothPlacement chain.png

    There are three chain modes, represented by the three top buttons in the Chain Modetab:

    • Chain: transforms all teeth in a chain
    • Single: transforms a single tooth
    • Tube: transforms all teeth on a fixed bow

    Move, scale and rotate model teeth in a chain using the same functions as in the Simple tab when in Move mode.

    • To move the tooth chain, click a model tooth in the chain and drag.

    • To rotate the tooth chain, click a model tooth in the chain where you want to apply rotation. Drag in the desired rotation direction while holding CTRL. The greater the distance to the point you selected, the lesser the rotation influence.

    • To scale the tooth chain, click a model tooth in the chain and drag in the desired scaling direction while holding SHIFT.

    You can also move, rotate and scale placement discs. When clicking a placement disc, the control points of both discs turn red and you can drag one end of the chain while the other end remains fix. Once you let the disc off, both placement discs will be unpinned (green) again.

    The following checkboxes are available in chain mode:

    Function Description
    Teeth Scalable If a chain transformation is too big, the teeth will be scaled. Uncheck to deactivate.
    Keep in Contact By default, the teeth remain in contact. Uncheck to deactivate. This will allow gaps and intersections between teeth. When activated again, contacts will be re-established.
    Show Chain Controls Uncheck to hide the tube and the control points.
    Limit Rotation to Buccal/Lingual Tilt Check to limit rotation to buccal/lingual tilt.
    Undo/Redo Revert/repeat changes while in chain mode placement. Note that the undo/redo history gets lost when leaving the Chain tab.



    Single Mode

    To move, rotate, and scale an individual tooth, use the same functions as in the Simple tab when in Move mode:

    Tip SHORTCUTS

  • To move a tooth, click it and drag.

  • Hold CTRL: Rotate a tooth

  • Hold SHIFT: Scale a tooth

  • Hold CTRL + SHIFT: Perform direction-based scaling
  • Moving, rotating, and scaling a single tooth will affect the entire chain to some extent when the checkbox Keep in Contact is activated.

  • The checkboxes Teeth Scalable, Keep in Contact, and Show Chain Controls are available, with the same functions as in chain mode.

    Tube Mode

    In this mode, you can move, scale, and rotate teeth in a chain along with a fixed bow, indicated by a red tube extending the ends of the main tube.
    ToothPlacement chain tube.png

    Move the teeth along this bow by dragging your mouse. Rotation and scaling behavior are the same as in Chain mode. The checkbox Keep in contact is not available, as the teeth always stay in contact. Available checkboxes are Teeth Scalable,Show Chain Controls and Limit Rotation to Buccal/Lingual Tilt, with the same functions as in Chain and Single mode.

    Symmetry Option

    ToothPlacement symmetry.png

    In the Options section of the Chain Mode tab, the Symmetry button is activated if you place model teeth on both jaw sides at opposing positions. You can use the symmetry function to create symmetry for the right and left jaw sides.

    The Symmetry button actually consists of four buttons. Hovering over one of these buttons displays blue symmetry indicators in the main view, indicating the symmetry plane, considered teeth (blue control points), and the symmetry direction.

    Symmetry right to left.png
    Symmetry left to right.png
    Symmetry right to left front teeth.png
    Symmetry left to right front teeth.png

    Define a symmetry by clicking one of the four buttons. The entire Symmetry button will appear activated. Any movement/rotation/scaling action on one jaw side will be mirrored to the other side along the symmetry plane. To deactivate the symmetry function,click Symmetry again.

    Note: Front teeth symmetry includes canines and premolars, not only incisors. The symmetry plane control is a sphere with two arrows. The arrows indicate which teeth are used as reference for the plane orientation. The reference teeth are locked (red control points).

    Symmetry plane control.png

    To change the reference teeth, click the control point of a tooth on either jaw side. The symmetry plane control will jump to the new position and the control points of both reference teeth will appear red. To pin the symmetry plane, click the sphere between the arrows.

    Reset Options

    Clicking Reset in the Options section of the Chain Mode tab displays available reset options you can select from.

    Reset mode .png
    Function Description
    Reset (keep red) Restores the original position of unpinned teeth (green control points), but keeps the current position of pinned teeth (red control points).
    Reset all Keeps changes made in the Simple tab, discards all other changes.
    Global Reset Restores the original position of all teeth, discards all changes.
    Cancel Keeps all current tooth positions.



    Choosing a Different Tooth Model

    To replace a tooth model with a different model (e.g. to put a premolar-shaped tooth on a molar preparation, due to space restrictions), right-click the tooth to replace and choose Load custom tooth model... - you can now select a different tooth model.